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                  20180214 长难句

                  发表时间:2018-02-14 01:17 来源:大连外国语大学俄语学院

                  enquiry n. [计] 询问┯◇╀,[贸易] 询盘 (此处结合intellectual 意译为:探索、探求)

                  社会科学是知识探索的一个分支★●,它力图像自然科学有研究自然现象那样╂◎●,用理性的、有序的、系统的和冷静的方式研究人类及其行为┳╂◎┯。

                  社会科学是知识探索的一个分支╃※△┯。它试图研究人类及其行为╂■◆◆◆。它的研究方式是理性、有序、系统和冷静的№№╀。自然科学家也使用这种方式研究自然现象◇◆。

                  译文2:

                  intellectual adj. 智力的;知识的;聪明的;理智的

                  reasoned adj. 详尽论述的;理由充分的;合乎逻辑的

                  dispassioned adj. 不动感情的

                  systematic adj. 系统的

                  【翻译技巧】

                  phenomena n. 现象(phenomenon 的复数 )

                  Social science is that branch of intellectual enquiry which seeks to study humans and their endeavors in the same reasoned§★№╃,orderly◎※●,systematic★△,and dispassioned manner that natural scientists use for the study of natural phenomena.

                  3. in the same reasoned╃◆┳┳,orderly┯◆┲,systematic●╂┯◇,and dispassioned manner 介词短语 in the …manner:以……的方式●№╃,修饰study◎╀◇┯。

                  4. that natural scientists use for the study of natural phenomena = that 引导定语从句§★◎■,修饰manner■◎┲■。

                  “人类学”一词起源于希腊语anthropos(人类)和logos(对于…的研究)§╃※。就名字而言※■╂◇,人类学包含了对整个人类的研究●■┯。

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                  请您先尝试自己分析翻译

                  译文1:

                  branch n. 树枝◎◆,分枝;分部;支流

                  1. 句子主干= Social science is that branch of intellectual enquiry

                  Social science is that branch of intellectual enquiry which seeks to study humans and their endeavors in the same reasoned◎※◇△┯,orderly◇◇△,systematic┯※■★●,and dispassioned manner that natural scientists use for the study of natural phenomena.

                  orderly adj. 有秩序的;整齐的;

                  修饰成分的翻译过程可以参考以下顺序:单词---短语---单独成句╀△№,即修饰成分可以处理成“的”结构№╂★,见译文1◎,但“的”之前修饰如果无法处理成词汇或短语时※,可单独成句△№◆,见译文2.

                  2. 修饰成分:which seeks to study humans and their endeavors 定语从句◎■,修饰that branch of intellectual enquiry;

                  “Anthropology” derives from the Green words arthropod “human” and logos “the study of”. By its very name★┯┯,anthropology encompasses the study of all humankind.

                  endeavor n. 努力;尽力 (their endeavors 意译为:人类的行为)

                  Social science disciplines include geography§╃◆,economics◇╃№◆,political science★◇,psychology┲◆§,and sociology. Each of these social sciences has a subfield or specialization which lies particularly close to anthropology.

                  ┳╂●●,※◆。

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